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Female Infertility (Basics)

Updated: Mar 5

Infertility can be a challenging topic for many people. In this guide, we'll explain what causes infertility, how it's diagnosed, and the treatments available. Our aim is to provide you with clear, supportive information to help you on this journey.


This article is part of our Basics collection! These articles contain only the most important information.


This article is pending medical review.


Written by Sajjad Biglari

Edited by Juliëtte Gossens


Understanding Infertility:

Infertility means having difficulty getting pregnant after trying for a year or more. It's a common issue, affecting about 1 in 10 women. There are many reasons why it might happen, and it's important to remember that it's no one's fault. In this guide, we'll explore some of these reasons.

Common Causes of Female Infertility:

  • Ovulation Disorders: Sometimes the ovaries don't release eggs regularly. This can be due to hormonal imbalances, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), or other factors.

  • Fallopian Tube Damage or Blockage: This can prevent the egg from meeting the sperm. It can be caused by infections, endometriosis, or previous surgeries.

  • Uterine or Cervical Issues: Abnormalities of the womb or cervix can also affect fertility.

Diagnosing Infertility: 

It starts with a visit to a healthcare provider. They might ask about your medical history, menstrual cycle, and any past pregnancies. Tests like blood tests, ultrasounds, or specific procedures can help identify the cause of infertility.

Treatment Options

There are several ways to treat infertility, depending on the cause. These can include medications to stimulate ovulation, surgical procedures to repair reproductive organs, or assisted reproductive technologies like IVF (in vitro fertilization).

Emotional Support and Resources

Dealing with infertility can be emotionally taxing. It's okay to seek support from counselors, support groups, or trusted friends and family. Remember, you're not alone in this!

FAQs for Understanding Female Infertility:

  • Q: Can lifestyle changes improve fertility? A: Yes, sometimes changes like maintaining a healthy weight, quitting smoking, and reducing stress can help.

  • Q: Is infertility always a woman's issue? A: No, infertility can be due to male factors, female factors, or a combination of both. You can learn more about male infertility here.


For sources supporting the information in this article, please head to our in-depth article on the topic via the button at the top of the article.

Please note: the information we provide to you here is for educational purposes only. If you’re experiencing any discomfort or have any complaints or questions about your health, please contact your doctor or other relevant health professional. We don’t provide medical advice.


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